They also do well in containers and window boxes. The triploid marigolds are sterile hybrids obtained by crossing the French with the African species. Marigolds are categorized into three groups: French, African and triploid marigolds. The other two are African marigolds (T. erecta) and signet marigolds (T. tenuifolia). African and signet marigolds are drought tolerant, while French marigolds are more tolerant of wet conditions. 30 Best Songs to Rock Out to This New Year’s Eve, What Our Senior Home Editor Wants Right Now, 30 Movies to Watch at Home on New Year's Eve, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Hybridizing has also produced many cultivars with intermediate characteristics. Deadheading: Spent flowers turn brown and are subject to Botrytis, or gray mold. Marigolds can be classified as follows with French and African being the most common: French (Tagetes patula) – Dwarf, bushier plants with both solid and multi-colored flowers. Flowers are typically found in warm shades of oranges, yellows, reds. A race of hybrids between the African and French Marigolds, raised in America in recent years, are named Burpee’s Red and Gold Hybrids. African and signet marigolds are drought tolerant, while French marigolds are more tolerant of wet conditions. As a group, marigolds grow 8 to 42 inches tall as low mounds or erect bushes. Marigolds are super-easy to grow, provide cheerful, nonstop blooms, and make great companion plants. Calendula (pot marigolds) are a bit hardier, but still best grown from seed fresh each year. If you have yet to find your favorite French marigold, don't worry. French marigolds — derived from Tagetes patula — include most of the dwarf cultivars, while the generally taller African cultivars come from T. erecta. https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/gardening/g20707059/marigolds October 2013. How to plant. French marigolds are one of the three most popular species of Tagetes grown today. Webbing on the plant indicates a severe spider mite infestation. French Marigolds (Tagetes patula) French marigolds are prized for their long, prolific blooms. Other worthy marigolds include the signet group from T. tenuifolia, which has 8-inch mounds of lacy, lemon-scented leaves and ½-inch red, orange, or yellow single flowers. French marigolds (T. patula), are the most compact variety, most often used in front of the border or containers. Although both have showy double flowers in tones of yellow, orange, mahogany and red, with some bicolours, they’re easy to tell apart - French marigolds are compact plants, ranging from 15cm/6in to 30cm/12in. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) are annuals like their smaller cousins, French marigolds (Tagetes patula). Spider mites are difficult to spot in the beginning due to their small size coupled with the fact that they live on the underside of leaves. Marigolds form the backbone of many plantings because of their diversity and adaptability. Your African Marigolds French Marigolds stock images are ready. Marigolds are a “sure thing” annual flower. Mites leave tiny spots on the upper surface of the leaf. Tall, gangly plants: If new plants are tall and gangly, they can be planted a few inches below grade. Some are solid red, some solid yellow, others various combinations of red and golden-yellow. They have purple-tinged stems with double flower heads in yellow, orange, and mahogany that are about 2 inches across. Yes, although marigolds repel many pests, unfortunately marigolds attract slugs and red spider mites. The flowers rarely grow larger than 2 inches in diameter but come in a wide range of colors. Name – Tagetes Family – Asteraceae Type – annual. Reaching 3 feet in height with gorgeous flowers, the African marigold is a bold sun-garden flower. French marigolds add a bold pop of color. Excess fertility may promote lush growth, few flowers, and soft stems, especially in the tall cultivars, which then need staking. T. filifolia, Irish lace marigold, is grown for its dense 1-foot mounds of delicate foliage. No this is a myth. To stimulate budding of new flowers, eliminate wilted flowers regularly (deadheading). Height – 8 to 36 inches (20 to 90 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. © 2020 Active Interest Media All rights reserved. https://www.dayliliesinaustralia.com.au/marigolds-in-the-world-care Price: 6.95 Shipping Spring 2021 - view dates here. Follow This 6-Step Guide to Grow the Best Tomatoes. French marigold related varieties: One of America's most popular annual flowers is the French marigold, 'Queen Sophia,' with gold-rimmed red flower heads. by … French marigolds are small flowering plants that have a spreading, shrub-like growth habit. The dark green leaves are dense, ferny, and often strongly scented. They tend to be short, bushy plants, although they can grow from 5 to 18 inches tall. Read on to learn more about the planting and care of French marigolds. These flowers are native to Mexico and Central America, but they are commonly known as French Marigolds. The first marigold interspecific hybrid was produced in 1939 by the Burpee Seed Company. Marigold flowers are cheerful, hardy, and easy to grow. Do marigolds repel rabbits? African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) are annuals like their smaller cousins, French marigolds (Tagetes patula). The african and french varieties will not survive a frost. The African marigolds (Tagetes erecta), also called American marigolds, are tall stout plants that grow to 1 m in height. The French marigolds also hold up better in rainy weather. Though they grow in almost any soil, marigolds do best in moderately fertile, well-drained soil. Half-inch blooms are perched atop lacey foliage. These sturdy flowers simply refuse to die. The French marigolds have a longer blooming season than the African marigolds. The First Marigold Hybrid. Easy to care for, French marigolds are plants that require very little care, especially when already well settled in. 0. Brocade Mix . French marigolds are an easy to grow annual that will bloom brightly all summer long. French marigolds are ideal for edging flower beds and in mass plantings. You don't stop doing new things because you get old, you get old because you stop doing new things. Sowing marigolds . Flower petals of plants within this genus are yellow to orange, sometimes with a touch of maroon. As yet the strain is not fixed and the plants vary in the color of the flowers they produce. The flowers are single, semi-double, double or crested flowers, 1-2 inches across and can be solid or bi-colored. There are also Signet marigolds, or Tagetes tenuifolia. African marigolds are beloved for their bright large, fully double flower heads, and French marigolds are bushy and compact with small flowers and a neat overall appearance. African marigolds grow 1.5 to 2 feet tall and spread 1 to 1.5 feet wide, with green stems and green, fern-like foliage. Did they have black seed heads on them? These flowers are different than Pot Marigolds which are also called Calendula. When such spots are noticed, a closer investigation and possible treatment of the plant is required. One of three types of marigold commonly grown in the UK garden, French marigolds are shorter and more compact than the African variety, commonly growing to between 6 inches and 2 feet in height. Use them freely in beds, borders, edges, pots, and boxes. Tagetes erecta (aka African marigolds, American marigolds, or Mexican marigolds): This species is the tallest and most upright marigold, reaching 3 to 4 feet in height and producing large, full flowers. Tagetes come into … The flowers bloom profusely from late spring to early fall. Once established, they will bloom all summer and actually make a great fall annual, bringing color to a garden when little else is still blooming. The flowers are up to 5 cm across and are composed of a dense arrangement of ‘rays’ that come in … Marigolds planted in containers can become crowded if planted too close together. Some marigolds can also be used as a natural pest controller in the greenhouse as they repel white fly from tomatoes. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Sow seeds indoors a few weeks before the last frost (especially recommended for the taller cultivars) or direct-seed when the soil is warm. 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